The brooch has evolved from a utilitarian clasp to a way of self-expression. It can still raise questions about its use, but there’s no doubt – among the variety of designs, shapes, colors and sizes, everyone will find a favorite.

In this new article, we tell you about the types of brooches and what they are for.

Fibula

Fibulae are considered one of the first types of brooches and were common from the Bronze Age to the early Middle Ages. They primarily had the practical purpose of holding clothing, often a cloak.

Depending on the territory the design of the fibula may have differed.

Badge

A small plate with a pattern. As a rule, metal alloys, ceramics, wood, plastic and other inexpensive materials are used to make them. Badges can be a mark of belonging to a group or dedicated to an event or place.

Badges are a popular collector’s item. They are also studied by the science of Faleristics.

Boutonniere

One or more flowers fixed on a buttonhole or in a special brooch. Traditionally considered a men’s costume decoration.

The “language of flowers” played an important role in boutonnieres and the plants were often selected depending on the event. For example, red poppies in England are a symbol of memory of those who died during the war. Cornflowers in France have the same meaning.

Chatelaine Brooch

A brooch or clips with falling chains. The most common is a pair of brooches connected by chains of different lengths. A single brooch, to which chains are attached, is also considered a chatelaine.

But this is how we know this adornment now. It has a rich history.

Dress clip

A brooch with a hinged clip that attaches tightly to clothing. The invention and peak of popularity came in the first half of the 20th century. In the 1930s, a new invention appeared – a design that allowed you to combine two dress clips into one brooch. They became known as pin clips or duets.

Among vintage dress clips there are Soviet and European ones, but more often it is jewelry from America from brands Coro, Trifari, Miriam Haskell, Cartier and others.

Corsage brooch

A brooch for a corsage (bodice dress) of European aristocrats in the 17-19th centuries. This brooch was an eye-catcher, placed on the exact centre of the chest.

Corsage brooches were made of noble metals and inlaid with stones. As a rule, corsage brooches, voluminous with several pendants, repeating the V-shape of the bodice.

Sevinet brooch

A bow brooch with pendants, popular in the Baroque period. It is considered one of the first types of brooch, serving only as a decorative element and not for attachment.

The decoration is named after Madame de Sevigne, a 17th-century French epistolary writer.

Pins

Brooch pin

Brooch in the form of an English pin with decorative elements.

Kilt pin

A pin that attaches to the bottom corner of the outside of the kilt. These ornaments can show a clan, city, region, or depict plants or animals. Modern pins, however, more often symbolize personal interests, favorite places, or personalized to the wearer.

Tie pin

A pin with a decorative tip for securing a tie or neckerchief to a shirt. Such a pin often has a fastener on the end that prevents it from falling out. It is traditionally considered a fashionable male accessory of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Hat pin

A pin with a decorative tip for securing a headpiece to the hair or as an independent piece of jewelry. It differs from a tie pin primarily in the size of the needle – the hat pin has a longer needle.

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